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Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate

カタログ番号 TQ0198   CAS 16561-29-8
別名: PMA

Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) belongs to the phorbol ester group of natural products and is an activator of PKC, SphK, and NF-κB. Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate induces THP1 cell differentiation.

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Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate Chemical Structure
Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate, CAS 16561-29-8
パッケージサイズ 在庫状況 単価(税別) キャンペーン価格
1 mg 在庫あり ¥ 11,500 9,500
5 mg 在庫あり ¥ 20,500 16,500
10 mg 在庫あり ¥ 30,000 24,000
25 mg お問い合わせ ¥ 49,000 39,500
50 mg お問い合わせ ¥ 72,500 58,000
1 mL * 10 mM (in DMSO) お問い合わせ ¥ 28,500 23,000

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保存条件 & 溶解度情報
説明 Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) belongs to the phorbol ester group of natural products and is an activator of PKC, SphK, and NF-κB. Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate induces THP1 cell differentiation.
ターゲット&IC50 PKC:11.7 nM (EC50)
In vitro METHODS: Sphere-cultured human melanoma cells WM series were treated with Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (50 ng/mL) for 3 days, and cell growth was examined using the MTS.
RESULTS: Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate promoted the proliferation of melanoma cells, and the cell number of WM35 cells increased to 265%. [1]
METHODS: Human mononuclear leukocytes THP-1 were treated with Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (200 ng/mL) for 1-5 days, and morphology was assessed using light microscopy and target expression was detected using Flow Cytometry.
RESULTS: Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate induced THP-1 cells to differentiate into macrophage-like cells (THP-1 macrophages). Cell surface expression of CD11 and CD14 was increased. [2]
METHODS: Human venous endothelial cells HUVECs were treated with Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (10-40 ng/mL) for 8 h. Cell migration was detected using the Wound healing migration assay.
RESULTS: Short-term treatment with Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate enhanced endothelial cell migration. [3]
In vivo METHODS: To investigate the effects of phorbol esters on rodent brain development, Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (100-500 μg/kg) was administered as a single intraperitoneal injection to neonatal rats and mice deficient in IL-18 or IRAK-4, and the animals were necropsied 24 h, 7 days, or 14 days later.
RESULTS: Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate induced an inflammatory response and extensive neurodegeneration in the brain. Lack of IL-18 or IRAK-4 protected against Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate-induced brain damage. [4]
METHODS: To construct an acute mouse ear inflammation model, both ears of CD-1 mice were treated topically with Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (20 μL of 125 μg/mL PMA acetone solution), air-dried and completely absorbed.
RESULTS: Ear tissues attacked with Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate began to show signs of inflammation, including swelling and redness, approximately 2 hours after application. [5]
細胞研究 αT3-1 and LβT-2 cells are grown in monolayer cultured in DMEM in humidified incubator 5% CO2 at 37°C. Serum starvation is with 0.1% FCS in the same medium for 16 h. GnRH and PMA are then added for the length of time as indicated. In general, αT3-1 cells are transiently transfected by ExGen 500 or by jetPRIME, while LβT2 cells only by jetPRIME transfection reagent. For experiments with dominant-negative (DN) PKCs, αT3-1 cells (in 6 cm plates) are transfected with 1.5 μg of p38α-GFP with 3 μg of control vector, pCDNA3, or with 3 μg of the DN-PKCs constructs. For LβT2 cells, transfections are performed (in 10 cm plates) with 4 μg of p38α-GFP along with 9 μg of control vector, pCDNA3, or with 9 μg of the DN-PKCs constructs. Approximately 30 h after transfection, the cells are serum-starved (0.1% FCS) for 16 h and later stimulated with GnRH or PMA, washed twice with ice-cold PBS, treated with the lysis buffer, followed by one freeze-thaw cycle. Cells are harvested; following centrifugation (15,000×g, 15 min, 4°C) supernatants are taken for immunoprecipitation experiments [2].
動物実験 All experiments are performed with male Wistar rats (weighing 250-280 g). One hundred and thirty-five Wistar rats are randomly divided into seven groups. (1) Rats in the sham group (n=21) are given a lateral cerebral ventricle injection of 0.9% normal saline; (2) Rats in the IR group (n=21) are given a lateral cerebral ventricle injection of 0.9% normal saline 30 min before middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO); (3) Rats in the Carbenoxolone (CBX) group (n=21) are given a lateral cerebral ventricle injection of CBX (5 μg/mL×10 μL) 30 min before MCAO; (4) Rats in the Sch-6783 group (n=21) are given a lateral cerebral ventricle injection of DZX (2 mM×30 μL) 30 min prior to MCAO; (5) Rats in the 5-HD group (n=21) are given a lateral cerebral ventricle injection of 5-HD (100 mM×10 μL), and after 10 min, DZX is injected 15 min prior to MCAO; (6) The rats in the DZX + Ro group (n=15) are given a lateral cerebral ventricle injection of DZX, and after 10 min, Ro-31-8425 (400 μg/kg) is injected 15 min prior to MCAO; (7) The rats in the 5-HD+PMA group (n=15) are given an intraperitoneal injection of PMA (200 μg/kg) after the injection of 5-HD and DZX [3].
別名 PMA
分子量 616.83
分子式 C36H56O8
CAS No. 16561-29-8


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H2O: Insoluble


1. Jørgensen K, et al. Phorbol ester phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate promotes anchorage-independent growth and survival of melanomas through MEK-independent activation of ERK1/2. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2005 Apr 1;329(1):266-74. 2. Starr T, et al. The phorbol 12-myristate-13-acetate differentiation protocol is critical to the interaction of THP-1 macrophages with Salmonella Typhimurium. PLoS One. 2018 Mar 14;13(3):e0193601. 3. Wen HC, et al. PMA inhibits endothelial cell migration through activating the PKC-δ/Syk/NF-κB-mediated up-regulation of Thy-1. Sci Rep. 2018 Nov 2;8(1):16247. 4. Dzietko M, et al. Effects of PMA (PHORBOL-12-MYRISTATE-13-ACETATE) on the Developing Rodent Brain. Biomed Res Int. 2015;2015:318306. 5. Wu BC, et al. In vivo Anti-inflammatory Activity of Lipidated Peptidomimetics Pam-(Lys-βNspe)6-NH2 and Lau-(Lys-βNspe)6-NH2 Against PMA-Induced Acute Inflammation. Front Immunol. 2020 Aug 28;11:2102.


1. Chen H, Duan X, Deng X, et al.EBV-upregulated B7-H3 inhibits NK cell–mediated antitumor function and contributes to nasopharyngeal carcinoma progression.Cancer Immunology Research.2023: CIR-22-0374. 2. Hu R, Molibeli K M, Zhu L, et al.Long non-coding RNA-XLOC_002383 enhances the inhibitory effects of THP-1 macrophages on M. avium and functions as a competing endogenous RNA by sponging miR-146a-5p to target TRAF6.Microbes and Infection.2023: 105175. 3. Hu H, Jiang H, Zhang K, et al. Memantine nitrate MN-08 suppresses NLRP3 inflammasome activation to protect against sepsis-induced acute lung injury in mice. Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy. 2022, 156: 113804 4. Li Y, Wu Y, Li S, et al. Identification of phytochemicals in Qingfei Paidu decoction for the treatment of coronavirus disease 2019 by targeting the virus-host interactome. Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy. 2022: 113946. 5. Yasin Z N M, Idrus F N M, Yvonne-Tee G B.Comparison of THP-1 Macrophages Viability in Different Types of Culture Vessel.Journal of Tropical Life Science.2023, 13(2): 359-368. 6. Wu M, Shi Y, Liu Y, et al.Exosome‐transmitted podoplanin promotes tumor‐associated macrophage‐mediated immune tolerance in glioblastoma.CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics.2024, 30(3): e14643. 7. Zhang Y, Shi Q, Wang P, et al.iPSC‐derived NK cells with site‐specific integration of CAR19 and IL24 at the multi‐copy rDNA locus enhanced antitumor activity and proliferation.MedComm.2024, 5(5): e553.


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Tヒント:化学式は大文字と小文字を区別します。: C10H16N2O2 c10h16n2o2

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Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate 16561-29-8 Chromatin/Epigenetic Cytoskeletal Signaling GPCR/G Protein NF-Κb S1P Receptor PKC NF-κB SphK Nuclear factor-κB Protein kinase C Inhibitor Phorbol 12 myristate 13 acetate TPA inhibit Phorbol 12myristate 13acetate Phorbol myristate Nuclear factor-kappaB Sphingosine kinase Phorbol 12-myristate PMA inhibitor